投資美國房產-加州地產經紀-YepengYang楊也芃
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在美國做房東

美國是個法律規定很多的國家,對房東也有很多規定。

房東的責任

房東的責任包括:維修房屋以保證房客的建康和安全。遵守聯邦、州、郡和市關於房屋出租的規章製度。確保水電,下水道係統,和其它設備正常工作。提供冷熱水和暖氣。租約上要寫明誰付水電氣費。

 

房客的責任

房客的責任包括:保持房屋和下水道的清潔。妥善使用電器和水管設施,不損壞房屋。有問題及時通知房東。按歸定處理垃圾。如果是獨立屋,及時割草,保證草皮不長於12英寸。還要掃樹葉,清理房簷等等。

房東不能因為房客實施州或郡的房客權力而毀約,減少服務或提高房租。房客的權力包括向房管所或其它機構申訴,成立房客組織。房東更不能因為房客的種族,膚色,國籍,宗教,性別,婚姻狀況,身體或精神缺陷,有孩子,祖先,工資來源,同性戀,或年齡等原因趕客戶走。這些是由住房平等法律所決定的。違反住房平等法律會遭到聯邦、州或郡政府的製裁。

房主應要求房客填寫租房申請表。表中注明房客允許房主審查房客的信用和租房史。房主可以收申請費。申請批準後就要簽租房契約。房東如果要房客買房客保險,要在租約上注明。

遲交房租的罰金要限製在租金的5%之內。房租遲交10天以後才能收罰金。允許房客在失業,主要掙錢人死亡,被迫換工作,及其它非房客能控製的情況下,提前30天書麵通知房東後終止租約。

 

押金

一般房客都要交押金。押金可減少房東因東西損壞或房客不交房租而帶來的損失。押金的總數不能超過2個月的租金,帶傢俱的房子押金不能超過3個月的房租。


   
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